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Overview

ADHD is a developmental disorder associated with an ongoing pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and can continue into the teen years and adulthood.

Symptoms of ADHD can interfere with daily activities and relationships and can impact school performance of children and teens.

Symptom

Some mainly have symptoms of inattention while some have symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity. And symptoms can range from mild to severe.

Inattention- having difficulty in paying attention

Hyperactivity – having too much energy or moving and talking too much

Impulsivity – acting without thinking or having difficulty with self- control

Adult ADHD symptoms may include

Disorganization and problems prioritizing

Poor time management skills

Problems focusing on a task

Trouble multitasking

Low frustration tolerance

Frequent mood swings

Hot temper

Trouble coping with stress

When to see a doctor

If positive symptoms of ADHD are suspected, further specific evaluation is recommended.

When to get emergency help

Normally, Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder does not have any specific emergencies associated with it.

Diagnosis

There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, certain types of learning disabilities can have similar symptoms. Medical exams, including hearing and vision tests should be performed to rule out other problems with symptoms like ADHD. There are three main types of ADHD:

Predominantly inattentive presentation.

Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation.

Combined presentation.

A diagnosis is based on the presence of persistent symptoms that have occurred over a period of time and are noticeable over the past six months.

Treatment

For children

Although there’s no cure, it can be managed with appropriate educational support, advice and support for parents and affected children, alongside medicine, if necessary.

For adults

Medicine is often the first treatment offered, psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may also help.