ADHD is a developmental disorder associated with an ongoing pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders of childhood and can continue into the teen years and adulthood.
Symptoms of ADHD can interfere with daily activities and relationships and can impact school performance of children and teens.
Some mainly have symptoms of inattention while some have symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity. And symptoms can range from mild to severe.
Inattention- having difficulty in paying attention
- In kids – easily distracted, have trouble focusing their attention, concentrating, and staying on task
Hyperactivity – having too much energy or moving and talking too much
- In kids – fidgety, restless, and easily bored, trouble sitting still, or staying quiet when needed, rush through things and make careless mistakes
Impulsivity – acting without thinking or having difficulty with self- control
- In kids – act too quickly before thinking, often interrupt, hard to wait, may do things without asking for permission
Adult ADHD symptoms may include
Disorganization and problems prioritizing
Poor time management skills
Problems focusing on a task
Low frustration tolerance
Frequent mood swings
Trouble coping with stress
When to see a doctor
If positive symptoms of ADHD are suspected, further specific evaluation is recommended.
When to get emergency help
Normally, Attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder does not have any specific emergencies associated with it.
There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, certain types of learning disabilities can have similar symptoms. Medical exams, including hearing and vision tests should be performed to rule out other problems with symptoms like ADHD. There are three main types of ADHD:
Predominantly inattentive presentation.
Predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation.
A diagnosis is based on the presence of persistent symptoms that have occurred over a period of time and are noticeable over the past six months.
Although there’s no cure, it can be managed with appropriate educational support, advice and support for parents and affected children, alongside medicine, if necessary.
Medicine is often the first treatment offered, psychological therapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may also help.